Chlorine Dioxide


What is Chlor Dioxide (CLO2)?

Chlordioxide, discovered by Sir Humphry Davy in 1814, is a type of disinfectant and an effective biocide. It consists of chlorine and oxygen. It is a chemical compound with the molecular formula ClO2. This chemical substance is soluble in water at room temperature and appears as a reddish or yellowish-green gas. It is primarily used for the disinfection of drinking water. Additionally, it can be used in various forms for antimicrobial purposes. It disrupts the cell walls and membranes of microorganisms, rendering them non-infectious or killing them.

In medical settings, it can be used to sterilize equipment, surfaces, rooms, and instruments to assist in infection control. However, it should not be used for the treatment of diseases or ailments. In its pure form, ClO2 is a hazardous gas. However, most people are unlikely to be exposed to air containing dangerous levels of chlordioxide because it rapidly decomposes into chlorine gas and oxygen in the air.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is added to drinking water to protect people from harmful bacteria and other microorganisms. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognizes chlordioxide as a drinking water disinfectant. It is included in the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality.

Chlorine Resistant Pathogens

Chlorine is the preferred primary disinfectant in water treatment applications. However, many waterborne pathogens are resistant to chlorine. These chlorine-resistant pathogens include viruses, parasites, and bacteria that can cause hepatitis, gastroenteritis, cryptosporidiosis, and Legionnaire’s disease. However, in the past decade, some water treatment advancements have improved disinfection efficiency.

Advanced coagulation processes and rapid sand filtration have been used to effectively remove a significant percentage of Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora. In this regard, post-treatment or on-site disinfection is carried out to enhance the biological safety of drinking water.

What are the Benefits of Chlor Dioxide?

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  • It is a powerful oxidizing agent that is effective against bacteria and viruses. It is the only biocide that generates free radicals.
  • It is also reactive on surfaces it comes into contact with, demonstrating its effect through oxidation. It destroys chlorine-resistant pathogens such as Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and Legionella bacteria.
  • It interacts with amino acids in microbial cells by breaking down their membranes and cell walls. It disrupts the functions and enzyme structure of microorganisms, ultimately leading to their death.
  • In pipes and membranes through which water passes, it not only eliminates the microbiological residue that forms the biofilm layer but also prevents its formation. It eliminates phenols that cause odor and taste problems during disinfection.
  • It prevents the formation of harmful halogenated by-products. Trihalomethanes and halogenic acids do not form. Even at low dosages (0.5 mg/L), it kills yeasts and lactobacilli.
  • It does not react with nitrogen, ammonia, amines, or other oxidized organic substances.
  • It completely eliminates the health risk of microbial pollutants in water.
  • It also minimizes chemical pollution and side effects to the extent that they can be considered negligible.
  • It is a disinfectant that provides effective results against bacteria at lower concentrations and dosages compared to other disinfectants.
  • Due to its ability to generate free radicals, the required reaction time is significantly reduced.
  • It is not affected by the pH value of water. It is non-corrosive and dissolves more rapidly in water compared to other disinfectants.

Powerful Disinfection in Water Treatment

Chlorine dioxide is a disinfectant. When added to drinking water, it helps to eliminate bacteria, viruses, and certain parasite species that can cause illness in humans, such as Cryptosporidium, Legionella, and Giardia. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates the maximum concentration of chlorine dioxide in drinking water to be no more than 0.8 parts per million (ppm).

Industrial Use of Chlor Dioxide

Chlorine dioxide chemistry is used in a wide range of industrial, oil and gas, food, and municipal applications.

Food and Beverage Production: It can be used as an antimicrobial agent in water used for processing poultry, washing fruits and vegetables.

Paper Processing: It is used to chemically treat wood pulp in paper production.

Chlor Dioxide in Medical Applications

In hospitals and other healthcare settings, chlorine dioxide gas helps sterilize medical and laboratory equipment, surfaces, rooms, and instruments.

Legionella pneumophila bacteria is a type that can cause a potentially fatal pneumonia called Legionnaires’ disease. Researchers have indicated that chlorine dioxide, at appropriate concentrations, is both safe and effective in helping to eliminate Legionella bacteria in hospital environments.

Chemya Chlor Dioxite

CHEMYA® Chlorine Dioxide, which is patented in many countries including Turkey, is a powerful disinfectant against dangerous Legionella bacteria. It also offers several unique advantages in its use.

By breaking down the membranes and cell walls of microorganisms, it interacts with the amino acids in the microbial cell. It disrupts the enzyme structure and functions of the microorganism, effectively stopping protein synthesis and causing cell death.

Due to its positive environmental compatibility, it can be used in various water conditioning applications. Moreover, CHEMYA® Chlorine Dioxide is effective over a wide pH range. It dissolves faster in water compared to other disinfectants. Additionally, when stored in a dark and cool place, the active solution maintains its effectiveness for approximately 12 months.

Chemya SteriPlus

SteriPlus® is an excellent bactericidal (E. coli), sporicidal, virucidal, and algicidal agent.

In order to ensure microbiological safety, proper disinfection measures must be taken for the cleanliness of a production facility. For this purpose, the use of SteriPlus® by IDEAL Biosid ensures your safety. The benefits of SteriPlus® are as follows:

  • It has a very broad spectrum of activity.
  • It is ecologically safe.
  • It offers economic advantages that are beyond reach.
  • It can be used everywhere.
  • It is a simple and ecologically safe formula.

Compared to other disinfectants such as Peracetic Acid, Hydrogen Peroxide, and Sodium Hypochlorite, it provides 2.5 times more oxidative power within a specific pH range. This reduces the labor required.

It has a stronger and faster disinfection effect, lower disinfectant costs compared to Peracetic Acid and chlorine products, and independent disinfection efficacy at various pH values. It enables continuous disinfection.

SteriPlus, which also derives its main source from chlorine dioxide, has a special formulation approved by the ministry.

In addition to being suitable for use in all areas, it also provides different efficiency outputs in its application areas.

SteriPlus in Hospitals and Health Centers

In hospitals and healthcare centers, the use of SteriPlus® provides several advantages in addressing the issues related to water systems. Here are some points regarding the use of SteriPlus® in hospitals and healthcare centers:

The water systems in HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems in hospitals and healthcare centers are often stored for an indefinite period with minimal evaporation. During this time, stagnant water can lead to corrosion, deposits, and the growth of bacteria such as Pseudomonas, which is commonly found in chilled water systems and can cause various issues.

The regular use of SteriPlus® with its new formula from Chemya can effectively eliminate these issues. It helps in preventing the formation of deposits and controlling bacterial growth in the entire water distribution system of hospitals and clinics, starting from the main water supply line.

By ensuring the use of SteriPlus® throughout the water distribution network, hospitals and clinics can achieve:

    • Clean and sterile environment
    • Safe treatment water
    • Clean drinking water
    • Clean water storage tanks
    • Clean utility water
    • Legionella control

By implementing SteriPlus® and ensuring regular use, hospitals and healthcare centers can provide safe and reliable services, ensuring the integrity of their water systems and minimizing the risks associated with bacterial contamination.

Use of SteriPlus in Industry

It kills microorganisms in water by permanently destroying the carrier proteins present in living cells, preventing their regeneration. Therefore, Steri Plus is preferred in industrial areas.

SteriPlus has several advantages in industrial settings:

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  • It is non-corrosive.
  • Provides fast and high efficacy.
  • Provides a definitive solution against Legionella.
  • Reduces maintenance costs.
  • Eliminates biofilm layers.
  • Provides up to 40% energy savings in your system.

In addition, SteriPlus disinfection function is hardly affected by pH value. Thus, SteriPlus Chlorine Dioxide can be used without any issues in alkaline environments.

SteriPlus is safely used in almost every field, offering a wide range of applications from agriculture to water bottle cleaning. At this point, we can identify your needs and prefer the suitable application area.

With SteriPlus, you can achieve a cleaner and more livable space.

Frequently Asked Questions

What does chlorine dioxide do?

It sterilizes water and makes it drinkable. It ensures the inactivation of pathogens that can cause infections in hospital rooms. It aids in the chemical processing of pulp in paper production. It disrupts the membranes of microorganisms and kills them. It is a powerful disinfectant against parasites in chlorine-resistant water sources. It halts protein production in viruses and eliminates them.

Does chlorine dioxide harm humans?

If this substance is used in its diluted form, it does not pose a risk to human health. However, when exposed to high concentrations, there is a possibility of skin and eye irritation. If the chlorine dioxide level in the water you drink exceeds the recommended amount, it can lead to kidney problems.

How is chlor dioxide used?

The primary use of chlorine dioxide is in water treatment and disinfection processes. It acts as a disinfectant through an oxidation method. It only reacts with substances that donate electrons to it. Due to its structure, it has 19 electrons. During the reaction, chlorine dioxide accepts one electron from the reacting substance. During disinfection, chlorine dioxide disrupts protein synthesis, leading to the destruction of viruses.

How is chlor dioxide prepared?

Acidic sodium chlorite/sodium chlorate solutions are required. They are typically produced in the form of gas or aqueous solutions. For chlorine dioxide gas production, sodium chlorite is reacted with hydrochloric acid or chlorine. Another method of chlorine dioxide production involves the use of sodium chlorite, chlorine gas, sulfuric or hydrochloric acid, and sodium hydrogen chlorite.

How to use Chemya Chlor Dioxide?

Chlor dioxide is our weapon against bacteria and viruses. It destroys bacteria present in water and also prevents their formation. Chlorine dioxide is diluted at a ratio of 1/10 or 1/100 and then directly applied to all surfaces. You can store chlorine dioxide solution in a cool and dark place. Its shelf life is 12 months.

Where is SteriPlus Used?

  • Drinking Water
  • Bottle Cleaning
  • Agriculture/Farming
  • Industrial Water Conditioning
  • Clinical Process Conditioning
  • Wastewater Conditioning
  • Food Solutions
  • Animal Husbandry Solutions

SteriPlus can be used within the scope of these applications.

What is the Lifespan of SteriPlus?

SteriPlus has a longer shelf life, allowing for long-lasting disinfection and a safe environment. The shelf life may vary depending on the specific characteristics of the application. For more information regarding the shelf life based on your specific needs, please contact us.